document updated 1 year, 3 months ago, on Mar 22, 2023

the origins of race

Throughout history, in-groups and out-groups had always existed, but it was based mostly on familial, tribal, or religious affiliation, rather than physical appearance.

Our modern conception of race, one in which physical attributes were the defining factor, only started to coalesce in the 17th century.

the shift away from indentured servantude towards life-long slavery in the American colonies

the role of Enlightenment thinkers in attempting to categorize humans

the gradual development of slavery-related statutes and case law, in colonial America

(dates indicate the period of the lawsuit or the signing of the statute)

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