document updated 12 years ago, on Sep 13, 2010Moser, Charles (July 2009). "Autogynephilia in Women". Journal of Homosexuality 56: 539–547.
The full text of the article is available here (prepress version).
A common way to discourage trans people from coming out is to explain their behavior as autogynephilia (Blanchard/Bailey/Lawrence) or fetish (DSM-IV).
There is good evidence that at least some gender-variant people get arousal from dressing or imagining themselves as the opposite gender, and this fact shouldn't be denied. However, suggesting that arousal can be the primary/only motivation harms the transgender community in several ways:
This questionare by Charles Moser attempts to answer that. It found that 93% of natal women had "ever" had these occur to them, and 28% of natal women had "frequently" had these occur to them:
- It weakens and divides the transgender community into two groups: "true transgender" people who are motivated by gender disphoria, and other people whose gender-variance is motivated by arousal.
- It suggests that "true transgender" people are sexless.
- It increases the stigma that all trangender people face, because strangers can constantly question whether someone is being gender-variant for arousal purposes. (and by extension, the reason people they're being gender-variant in public, and not just in private, is that they think it's acceptable to be aroused in public)
Conclusion: all women (both cisgender and transgender) get enjoyment from being attractive or sexy.
- I have been erotically aroused by contemplating myself in the nude.
- I have been erotically aroused by contemplating myself wearing lingerie, underwear, or foundation garments (e.g., corsets).
- I have been erotically aroused by contemplating myself fully clothed in sexy attire.
- I have been erotically aroused by dressing in lingerie or sexy attire for a romantic evening or when hoping to meet a sex partner.
- I have been erotically aroused by preparing (shaving my legs, applying make-up, etc.) for a romantic evening or when hoping to meet a sex partner.
- I have dressed in lingerie, sexy attire or prepared myself (shaving my legs, applying make-up, etc.) before masturbating.
- I have been erotically aroused by imagining myself with a “sexier” body.
- I have been erotically aroused by imagining that others find me particularly sexy, attractive, or irresistible.
Mntions of the paper in popular press, blogs, ...